Hartland, Edwin Sidney


Hartland, Edwin Sidney
(1848-1927)
   A solicitor in Swansea and later Gloucester, who served as President of the Folklore Society, 1899-1901. His primary folklore interest was in the *folktale and he rapidly became one the country's leading experts in that field. His publications include English Fairy and Other Folk Tales (1890), an anthology of texts, and The Science of Fairytales: An Enquiry into the Fairy Mythology (1891), which attempted a theory of the subject, based firmly in the ruling doctrine of *survivals and the belief that the expert can identify and apply the rules governing folklore. Hartland's tour de force was the influential three-volume The Legend of Perseus: A Study of Tradition in Story, Custom and Belief (1894-6). In this he followed the conviction that tales encapsulate custom and belief of the past, and by tracing a particular story and its analogues across the world and across time, the folklorist can seek to understand the primitive mind of our ancestors. As his researches into folklore and anthropology deepened, Hartland moved away from a primarily narrative base to a more ethnological concern with primitive societies and the origins of religion, although he always used evidence from myths and legends in his argument. Further books include: Primitive Paternity: The Myth of Supernatural Birth in Relation to the History of the Family (2 vols., 1909), Ritual and Belief: Studies in the History of Religion (1914), and Primitive Society: The Beginnings of the Family and the Reckoning of Descent (1921). As did others of his generation, Hartland clashed publicly with Andrew *Lang in the journal Folk-Lore in 1898 and 1899. Another title, County Folklore: Gloucestershire (1892), although simply a slim gathering of previously printed material, is a source-book still useful today.
   ■ Obituaries by A. C. Haddon (including bibliography), Folk-Lore 37 (1926), 178-92, and by R. R. Marett, Folk-Lore 38 (1927), 83-5; Dorson, 1968.

A Dictionary of English folklore. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fairy ring — For the article dedicated to the Southwest African phenomenon of fairy circles, see Fairy circle (Africa). For the Neolithic archaeological monument, see Hjaltadans. A fairy ring on a suburban lawn A fairy ring, also known as fairy circle, elf… …   Wikipedia

  • Bibliography —    ■ Abrahams, Roger D., Jump Rope Rhymes: A Dictionary (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1969).    ■ and Rankin, Lois, Counting Out Rhymes: A Dictionary (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1980).    ■ Ackerman, Robert, J. G. Frazer: His Life… …   A Dictionary of English folklore

  • Jack et le Haricot magique — Illustration de Walter Crane (1875) Conte populaire Titre Jack et le Haricot magique Titre original Jack and the Beanstalk …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Wild Hunt — For other uses, see Wild Hunt (disambiguation). The wild hunt: Åsgårdsreien (1872) by Peter Nicolai Arbo The Wild Hunt is an ancient folk myth prevalent across Northern, Western and Central Europe.[1] The fundamental prem …   Wikipedia

  • 1921 in Wales — This article is about the particular significance of the year 1921 to Wales and its people.Incumbents*Prince of Wales Edward, Prince of Wales, son of King George V of the United Kingdom *Princess of Wales vacant *Archbishop of Wales Alfred George …   Wikipedia

  • Heitsi-eibib — is a figure in the Khoikhoi mythology. While he is usually mentioned as a cultural hero, Heitsi eibib s role in the mythology is fluid.cite book| title=African Traditional Religion in South Africa: An Annotated Bibliography| author=David… …   Wikipedia

  • Lindwurm von Lambton — John Lambton erschlägt den Lindwurm. Illustration aus English fairy and other folk tales von Edwin Sidney Hartland (1890). Der Lindwurm von Lambton (engl. Lambton Worm) ist eine Volkssage aus Nordostengland. Sie handelt von einem Lindwurm, der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liste Des Membres Ontariens De L'Ordre Du Canada — Article principal : Ordre du Canada. Sommaire : Haut A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liste des membres ontariens de l'Ordre du Canada — Article principal : Ordre du Canada. Sommaire : Haut A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liste des membres ontariens de l'ordre du Canada — Article principal : Ordre du Canada. Sommaire : Haut A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A …   Wikipédia en Français